After many years of research and woodworking experience, we at Southern-tool.com wanted to create a page full of useful information for all levels of woodworkers. Whether you are just now starting out, or a master craftsman with decades of experience, we hope this page will provide you with useful information and perhaps some eye opening facts. Thanks to everyone reading and we will contginue to update this page as we recieve new information!
Below is the breakdown and definition of each selection criteria used to determine a wood species;
Distribution: Where is the tree naturally located geographically.
Tree Size: What largest the tree grows.
Average Dried Weight: Weight of tree once felled and dried.
Janka Hardness: Measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear.
Modulus of Rupture: The mechanical parameter for brittle material, is defined as a material's ability to resist deformation under load.
Elastic Modulus: The number that measures the wood's resistance to being deformed elastically when a force is applied to it.
Crushing Strength: The capacity of a wood type to withstand loads tending to reduce size.
Shrinkage: How much does the wood shrink upon drying.
Color: Color and appearance of wood.
Grain: The Grain type and texture of the wood.
Rot Resistance: How well does the wood once exposed naturally resist rotting.
Workability: How easy is it to work the wood, whether its cutting, sanding, carving, steaming, etc...
Odor: How does the wood smell.
Toxicity: Some woods cause allegic reactions and are toxic to people, this determines to what level.
Pricing and Availability: This defines the amount of wood available and the overall price for said wood.
Sustainability: Lets the buyer know if the tree from which the wood comes is sustainable or endangered.
Below is a list of some of the most commonly used softwoods in the woodworking world today.
1) Western Red Cedar
2) Black Cottonwood
3) Atlantic White Cedar
4) Yellow Buckeye
5) Subalpine Fir
6) Northern White Cedar
7) European Silver Fir
8) Balsam Poplar
Below is a list of some of the most commonly used Hardwoods in the woodworking world today.
3) Black Ironwood
4) African Blackwood
9) Lignum Vitae
As previously mentioned, some woods have very strange side effects on people, in addition to the common ones. These effects are listed below.
1) Irratation (eyes, skin, nose, mouth, ears)
2) Asthma and Wheezing
4) Nervous system Effects
6) Skin Lesions and Rashes
8) Excessive drymouth or salivation
9) Pink Eye
11) Sepsis from splinters
12) Swelling, particularly of hands, feet and testes
15) Cardiac effects and blood hemoraging
17) Bowel, digestive and kidney problems